However, many people soon saw Asian intermarriage with Whites as a threat to American society.These laws actually made the situation worse because Asian men were no longer able to bring their wives over to the U. So in a way, those who wanted to become married had no other choice but to socialize with non-Asians. servicemen who fought and were stationed overseas in Asian countries began coming home with Asian "war brides." Data show that from 1945 into the 1970s, thousands of young women from China, Japan, South Korea, the Philippines, and later Viet Nam came to the U. One of the best research articles on this topic is a study conducted by Shinagawa and Pang entitled "Asian American Panethnicity and Intermarriage," reprinted in the highly recommended . The other major component of the table is that it presents different numbers depending on which statistical model is used.
If you would like to read about the exact procedure J. Huang and I used to calculate these numbers, visit the Statistical Methodology page.These are certainly a lot of numbers to consider and as I mentioned above, each model presents a different proportion.Nonetheless, what these stats tell us is that generally speaking, across all three models (calculated by using the admittedly unscientific method of averaging the proportions across all three models to emphasize the last two models), these are the Asian ethnic groups are most or least likely to have each kind of spouse: Men/Husbands -- Most / The numbers presented above only represent a 'cross sectional' look at racial/ethnic marriage patterns involving Asian Americans.In other words, they only represent a 'snapshot' look using the latest data from 2010.Nonetheless, it is important to recognize that such marriage patterns have evolved and changed over time.
In order to get a closer look at recent trends, we can compare these numbers to data from the 2006 Census.
In comparing the 2010 data to the 2006 numbers, there are a few notable trends we can observe: Now that we have a general picture of what the marriage rates are for all members of each of these six Asian American ethnic groups, on the next page we will take a more specific look at only those Asian Americans who grew up in the U. and are therefore most likely to have been socialized within the context of U. racial landscape and intergroup relations -- the U.
Whether it's dating or marrying someone of a different race, interracial relationships are not a new phenomenon among Asian Americans. Of course, anti-miscegenation laws were part of a larger anti-Asian movement that eventually led to the Page Law of 1875 that effectively almost eliminated Chinese women from immigrating ot the U.
When the first Filipino and Chinese workers came to the U. S., the Chinese Exclusion Act in 1882, and other restrictive regulations. Further, after the passage of the 1965 Immigration Act, many of these Asian war brides eventually helped to expand the Asian American community by sponsoring their family and other relatives to immigrate to the U. These days, Asian Americans in interracial relationships are very common. Census Bureau to construct the following table on marriage patterns among Asian Americans. 2011), the table shows the percentage of the six largest Asian ethnic groups who are married either endogamously (within their ethnic group), to another Asian (outside their ethnic group), or to someone who is White, Black, Hispanic/Latino, or someone who is Mixed-Race/Multiracial, by husbands and wives.
It was not until 1967, during the height of the Civil Rights Movement, that the U. Supreme Court ruled in the case that such laws were unconstitutional. As suc, one could argue that it's only been in recent years that interracial marriages have become common in American society.
Therefore, anti-miscegenation laws were passed that prohibited Asians from marrying Whites. S.-Raised (1.5 generation or higher)FR = Foreign-Raised (1st generation)"USR + USR or FR" = Spouse 1 is USR while Spouse 2 can be USR or FR"USR + USR Only" = Both spouses are USRMethodology used to tabulate these statistics History shows that these anti-miscegenation laws were very common in the U. They were first passed in the 1600s to prevent freed Black slaves from marrying Whites and the biracial children of White slave owners and African slaves from inheriting property. had formal laws on their books that prohibited non-Whites from marrying Whites.