The guard was made up primarily of Alaska Natives from rural villages. The only woman to win the Iditarod Sled Dog Race three consecutive years---placing first in 1986, 1987, and 1988. Shortly after she was born in May of 1974, Jewel's parents moved to Homer, Alaska, settling on an 800-acre homestead.As territorial senator, Gruening lobbied for Alaska statehood in Washington, D. In 1988, a T-shirt appeared in Alaska which read, "Alaska: Where Men are Men and Women Win the Iditarod! After graduating from a performing arts college, she moved to San Diego and began a successful career in pop music.
In 1972, a number of Native students joined together in a suit against the State of Alaska to provide high schools in over 100 Native villages. Lind, for the Eskimo girl who joined the list of plaintiffs in 1975, it is commonly referred to as the Molly Hootch case for the student who headed the original list of plaintiffs.In 1976, the court ruled in the plaintiffs' favor and 126 villages were granted high schools.This case revolutionized education in Native Alaskan villages.An Inupiat Eskimo, Howard Rock was born in Point Hope, Alaska where he learned the subsistence lifestyle of his ancestors and became an activist for his people.He helped prevent the Atomic Energy Commission from performing above-ground nuclear tests in a harbor near his village, edited the Tundra Times, and helped lead the Native land claims struggle which led to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act.
Elizabeth Wanamaker Peratrovich was born July 4, 1911, in Petersburg, Alaska. As Grand Camp President of the Alaska Native Sisterhood, Elizabeth provided the crucial testimony that cultivated passage of the Anti Discrimination Bill.The Senate passed the bill, which mandated equal treatment for all citizens in public accommodations, 11 to 5. Elizabeth Peratrovich died on December 1, 1958, after a lengthy battle with cancer. Soapy arrived in the Gold Rush frontier town of Skagway in the autumn of 1897. Thirteen-year-old Benny Benson's fame comes from designing the Alaska flag. Benny was the winner of the contest conducted for Alaska students in grades seven through twelve in 1926.Soapy and his gang fleeced newcomers at crooked gambling or at gunpoint. The Alaska Legislature adopted his design as the official flag for the Territory of Alaska on May 2, 1927.In 1898, a shooting in Skagway resulted in the death of Smith, who is buried there. Later, the drafters of the Alaska constitution stipulated that the territorial flag would become the official flag of the State of Alaska.Ernest Gruening was territorial governor of Alaska in 1935-1953 and territorial senator in 1956-58. Libby Riddles was the first woman to win the "Last Great Race on Earth," the 1,049-mile Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race, in 1985.As governor, Gruening formed the Alaska Territorial Guard during WWII to alert the military of potential Japanese attacks from isolated areas like the Bering Sea. At 29 years, Riddles turned in a time of 18 days, 2 minutes, 17 seconds on the route from Anchorage to Nome.