In doing so, the government projects ideological visions of self and the social world ... 243-258 As Hanoi was preparing for a series of Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) summits in the latter half of 2006, the Vietnam Museum of Ethnology and the Vietnam Revolutionary Museum put on an exhibit from 16 June to 17 December called “Hanoi Life under the Subsidy Economy: 1975–1986.” ...
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) persons in Vietnam may face legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT residents.
Both male and female same-sex sexual activity is legal and is believed to never have been criminalized in Vietnamese history.
The event was reported widely on Vietnamese media and started a heated debate on the issue.Two months later, the Vietnamese Justice minister, Ha Hung Cuong, announced that the government was considering legalising same-sex marriage, stating that "in order to protect individual freedoms, same-sex marriage should be allowed." The subject was expected to be debated at the National Assembly congress in spring 2013.On , the National Assembly's Committee for Social Affairs removed the provision giving legal status and some rights to cohabiting same-sex couples from the government's bill to amend the Law on Marriage and Family.The Ironies of Freedom examines an aspect of this new market: commercial sex. ix-x Out of convention, this book bears one name, but it owes its life to many. 3-24 Commercial sex became integral to the Vietnamese economy in the first decade of marketization despite governmental rhetoric about how prostitution was a “social evil.” With the arrival at the new market and its neoliberal freedom to make entrepreneurial choices, Vietnam opened to the global economy. 65-93 In part 1, I show how neoliberal choice in entrepreneurial decisions and consumption shaped the sex trade as Vietnam marketized primarily from the late 1980s to the mid-1990s. 115-143 Once a sex worker is arrested by the police, a set of “administrative” government decrees decides her fate.Although I bear responsibility for whatever faults you may find with it, I owe my work to so many who rendered their generous assistance along the way. xi-xxviii Before the heat would define the day one early morning in June 2002 at the center of Ho Chi Minh City, an area still called Saigon by its residents, crowds gathered in front of the old French-built Opera House, which now has reverted to its theatrical functions after various incarnations through Vietnam’s postcolonial history. In part 2, I examine how the government approached prostitution as a social problem through public health, policing, and rehabilitation measures ... 94-114 In both government public health measures and sex education manuals, the Vietnamese government since marketization directly and indirectly promoted health practices that generate and supervise class and gender differentiated norms in sexual conduct linked to birth and disease control. Government Resolution 53/ CP of 1994 reinforces Article 24 of the Decrees for Administrative Transgressions by specifying that “those who have been identified as engaged in selling sex shall be sent to centers ... 144-182 During marketization, the rise of medicine as an expert field of knowledge disciplined different segments of the population through its specialized public health intervention.
I take this opportunity to acknowledge those debts. Public health measures taught urban women of the upper and middling classes to become informed consumers of health services and beauty products ... 185-214 If the first part of this book examines market freedom, and the second explores how the government oversees such freedom, this third part focuses on how the realm of cultural production deals with such freedom and its governance.
Governing with the market requires the simultaneous deployment of technologies of rule ... 215-242 The government has been responding to a “social evil” like prostitution as a symptom of market freedom in the social realm, and it has done so in a way that would promote such neoliberalist freedom in a global economy.
Article 64 of the Vietnamese constitution states that: "The family is the cell of society. Marriage shall conform to the principles of free consent, progressive union, monogamy and equality between husband and wife.
Parents have the responsibility to bring up their children into good citizens.
Children and grandchildren have the duty to show respect to and look after their parents and grandparents.
In the late 1980s, Vietnam joined the global economy after decades of war and relative isolation, demonstrating how a former socialist government can adapt to global market forces with their neoliberal emphasis on freedom of choice for entrepreneurs and consumers. 25-62 Jean and John Comaroff have pointed out the “neoliberal stress on consumption as the prime source of value” that envisions persons as “consumers in a planetary marketplace: persons as ensembles of identity.” Download PDF pp.