Other methods include: coin dating, seriation, and amino-acid racemization.
The methods have varying applications, accuracy, range, and cost.
Many new techniques are being developed and tested.
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: chronology CATEGORY: technique DEFINITION: The process by which an archaeologist determines dates for objects, deposits, buildings, etc., in an attempt to situate a given phenomenon in time., in which figures in solar years (often with some necessary margin of error) can be applied to a particular event.Unless tied to historical records, dating by archaeological methods can only be relative -- such as stratigraphy, typology, , fluorine and nitrogen test, and radiometric assay.SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: chronometric dating; absolute dates; absolute chronology; absolute age determination (antonym: relative dating)CATEGORY: chronology; technique DEFINITION: The determination of age with reference to a specific time scale, such as a fixed calendrical system or in years before present (B.P., BP), based on measurable physical and chemical qualities or historical associations such as coins and written records.
The date on a coin is an absolute date, as are AD 1492 or 501 SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: absolute dating; chronometry CATEGORY: technique DEFINITION: Any technique of dating that relies on chronological measurement such as calendars, radiocarbon dates, etc.
and which give the result in calendar years before the present, or B. Most of these techniques produce results with a techniques do not.
Among the most useful chronometric dating techniques are radiocarbon dating, potassium argon dating, and thermoluminescence dating.
Dendrochronology, the relationship of dated ancient trees with live trees has no CATEGORY: technique DEFINITION: The use of various methods, often multiple methods, to demonstrate the equivalency of stratigraphic units.
This term refers to the relation of one stratigraphical unit to another, by petrological, osteological, lithographic, cultural, chronological, or palaeontological means.
For example, stratigraphic units may be correlated using palaeontological criteria, methods, and position relative to the glacial-interglacial cycle by examining physical and biological attributes.